“There are three conflicts and you side with both sides,” critic Kenneth Turan says, explaining the heart of “Fiddler on the Roof,” and why it became one of the most beloved musicals of all time. There has already been one documentary about the improbable story of the Broadway musical based on the stories of a poor dairyman in a Russian Jewish shtetel, the 2019 film “Fiddler: A Miracle of Miracles.” The stories written by Yiddish author Sholem Aleichem had universal themes of parents, children, money, prejudice and the endless struggle between tradition and the need to adapt to changing times. And the music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, book by Joseph Stein, and dances by Jerome Robbins brought those stories, well, “To Life.” The specific details in the story may not be universal, but it is the specifics that illuminate the universal details. Everyone in every culture knows what it is to leave home, to become your own person, to separate from your parents’ ways of doing things. And every parent knows the experience so heart-piercingly expressed in the song “Sunrise Sunset” about that moment of realizing that your children are grown and a new generation is on its own path.
The Broadway musical, produced all over the world, became an Oscar-nominated movie in 1971, and that story now has its own documentary, “Fiddler’s Journey to the Big Screen.” Director Norman Jewison and some of the filmmakers and performers share their memories and we get to see behind the scenes footage of the filming in what was then Yugoslavia and in Pinewood Studios in England.
If this documentary never makes it out of the category of “interesting DVD extra” into a standalone film, it still has some entertaining inside stories and some insights into the art of cinematic storytelling. The film also shows the continuing relevance of “Fiddler’s” themes more than half a century after its debut, and more than a century after Aleichem first wrote about Tevye and his daughters. As “Fiddler” director Norman Jewison says—recalling the location they found to replicate a tiny Jewish community in 1905 Russia, like the musical’s fictional town of Anatevka—the Yugoslavia they knew is gone.
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The documentary is as much a love letter to the filmmakers as it is to the film. Like every documentary ever made about filmmaking, it shows above all how unlikely it is that any movie, especially a good movie, ever gets made at all. There are always unforeseen crises and setbacks and there are always so many personalities and so many moving parts and so many decisions that it’s like trying to do a jigsaw puzzle in the dark while riding a unicycle backward.
So many pieces have to fit; sometimes quite literally. One of “Fiddler’s” most well-known songs is Tevye’s “If I Were a Rich Man.” Jewison was committed to turning the theater production into a realistic, gritty, natural-looking film, and so he decided that Tevye, played by Israeli actor Topol, who had starred in the role in London’s West End production, would sing the song in his barn and at one point climb the ladder to the loft as he sang. This required very close coordination with John Williams, who did the score, Robert F. Boyle, production designer, and Tom Abbott, the choreographer. One rung of the ladder or one measure of the song too many or too few, and Tevye would not make it to the top on the right beat. Not to mention the marble dust used for fake snow that worked perfectly for cinematographer Oswald Morris but was disastrously slippery for the dancers.