After the Pandemic, 3 New Diseases Appeared That Troubled the World

As the Covid-19 pandemic has become endemic in most areas of the world, several new and troubling diseases have emerged.

The newest is monkeypox (monkeypox). The disease follows the Hendra virus and a mysterious acute hepatitis that appeared earlier this year. The following is an explanation of the three new diseases that are troubling the world:

 

Mysterious Acute Hepatitis

Until now, the mysterious acute hepatitis outbreak that infects children has become a frightening specter. Alleged cases of acute hepatitis in children in Indonesia reached 14 cases recorded until May 17, 2022.

A number of health experts suspect that one of the causes of this disease is long Covid or long-term side effects of Covid-19. Even so, this was denied by the Chair of the IDI Covid-19 Task Force, Zubairi Djoerban. He said most of these mysterious hepatitis patients were in good health.

“Long Covid causes mysterious hepatitis? No, the patients are actually healthy,” Zubairi said on his Twitter account, quoted with his permission.

Zubairi explained that of the nine children exposed to mysterious hepatitis in Alabama, United States (US), none of them had a history of Covid-19 infection. He also mentioned a number of temporary data showing that the incidence of long Covid in children was rare.

In his explanation, Zubairi also emphasized that the hepatitis cases found in Indonesia were also known to be negative for Covid-19.

Until now, scientists are still trying to find out the cause of this disease, including the possibility of a new virus that is not yet known. There is also the possibility that this mysterious disease can be transmitted through the air.

One popular theory is that this case was caused by Adenovirus, a common type of virus that usually causes colds.

Some researchers further suggested that Adenovirus in children who had previously been infected with Covid-19 triggered a series of events that led to an immune response that attacks the liver, as reported by the South China Morning Post.

Acute hepatitis is not a type of disease that suddenly appears and is immediately severe. There are three stages of symptoms that children will experience until this disease really goes to a severe stage.

The initial stage, which is when the child experiences stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Then the next symptom is when the child begins to experience jaundice which usually starts from the yellowing of the eyes to the whole body. The last is a severe advanced stage, usually at this stage the child’s condition has really worsened.

 

Hendra Virus

Hendra virus (HeV) is a member of the family Paramyxoviridae, genus Henipavirus. HeV was first discovered in 1994 from specimens obtained during an outbreak of respiratory and neurological disease in horses and humans in Hendra, a suburb of Brisbane, Australia.

Researchers at Australia’s Griffith University say that a variant of the virus can be transmitted to humans. The virus has also been detected in the urine of black and gray-headed bats that have spread across Australia, the federal territory of New South Wales (NSW) to Queensland.

“The results of our study examining specific bat species reveal how the Hendra virus variant is transmitted to horses and humans,” said lead author Alison Peel of the Center for Food Health and Safety, quoted on the official website of Griffith University.

Hendra virus is more commonly found in late May to late August, but transmission is believed to occur in all seasons.

According to epidemiologists, 7 out of 10 humans infected with the Hendra virus can die.

“Even in humans, 70% if exposed to it is deadly, 7 out of 10 humans infected with the Hendra virus die,” said epidemiologist Dicky Budiman, as quoted by detikHealth.

Dicky revealed that the Hendra virus had actually been discovered for a long time. This virus is an endemic disease that is only found in a number of areas. For this reason, Dicky appealed to the public, especially those who have farms, to be aware of the transmission of the Hendra virus. Because this virus can survive in animal waste for four days.

Since being reported in 1994, the Hendra virus has been recorded to have a mortality rate of more than 50%, both in animals and humans. The “victims” of exposure were mostly reported in horses.

Horses infected by exposure to droppings from fruit-eating bats are generally fatal, with about 80% of cases surviving. A similar threat also lurks humans.

Dicky said the Hendra virus has symptoms in humans such as fever, cough, sore throat, headache, the same as flu accompanied by meningitis or encephalitis or inflammation of the brain, where if these symptoms develop, they can cause headaches, high fever, and also seizures. coma.

Monkey Pox (Monkeypox)

The newest is monkeypox or monkeypox. At least 12 countries have confirmed exposure to the disease and it is likely that many cases remain unreported.

Last week, the World Health Organization (WHO) said that the outbreaks recently reported so far were unusual, as they occurred in non-endemic countries. WHO did not say which countries were affected. However, previously, transmission was confirmed in Italy, Sweden, Spain, Portugal, the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.

Monkeypox is most common in remote areas of central and western Africa. This disease is caused by a rare viral infection that usually has mild symptoms. Most people who become infected generally recover within a few weeks, according to the UK’s National Health Service.

Early symptoms if infected with monkeypox are fever, headache, swelling of the limbs, back pain, muscle aches, and lethargy.

After the fever reaches its peak and subsides, a rash or red rash on the skin appears and develops. Often, the rash begins on the face, then spreads to other parts of the body, most commonly the palms and soles.

The rash, which can be very itchy, then dries up and forms a scab, which then peels off. After that, in the place of the rash, a scar appears. The infection usually goes away on its own and lasts between 14 and 21 days.

As for the mode of transmission, monkeypox can be transmitted to other parties when someone has close physical contact with an infected person. The virus enters the body through broken skin, the respiratory tract or through the eyes, nose and mouth.

This disease is not described as a sexually transmitted infection, but can be transmitted through direct contact during sex. Monkeypox can also be spread through contact with infected animals such as monkeys, rats and squirrels, or through objects contaminated with the virus, such as bedding and clothing.

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