15 Symptoms of Kidney Failure That Affect Children and Adults

Kidney failure is generally caused by the habit of holding back urination which further disrupts the urinary tract. In addition, the factor of blood flow with low volume is also a trigger for the emergence of this disease.

Friends of MIKA need to know that kidney failure can attack adults and children. What are the symptoms? Come on, find out more in the explanation in the following article!

Symptoms of kidney failure in adults and children

If your loved ones, MIKA Friends experience the following signs, it is possible for your relatives to develop kidney failure with different severity. Both acute and chronic, the following symptoms of kidney failure are generally felt:

1. Lower back pain

A pair of kidneys are located under the back of the ribs. Well, if MIKA’s friends feel low back pain, it could be that you have kidney problems. If the side of the body also feels pain, it is necessary to pay attention to whether there are kidney stones that settle in the ureter that passes through the bladder.

2. Tired all the time

The first sign of kidney failure is fatigue all the time. This is triggered by low production of the hormone erythropoietin (EPO) to produce red blood cells and carry oxygen. Therefore, Friends of MIKA’s brain and muscles feel tired very quickly. It could be a sign of anemia too, blood-boosting vitamins can help you from this symptom.

3. Cold heat on the body

Another symptom of kidney failure is a change in body temperature that is not constant, so that a fever causes a feeling of chills, along with pain in the back. Not infrequently this sign comes from anemia that attacks you.

4. Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath occurs when the kidneys are not able to filter and excrete fluids properly, which can be supported also by the factor of anemia with the condition of lack of red blood and causing a lack of oxygen production.

5. Dizzy until it is difficult to think clearly

Dizziness to difficulty thinking and maintaining body balance is due to lack of oxygen to the brain. It is triggered by anemia or lack of blood.

6. Rough and itchy skin

According to a 2015 study in Canada cited in Best Life, 40% of people with chronic or end-stage kidney failure always want to scratch dry, rough, and itchy skin. Why, yes?

Friends of MIKA need to know, the itchy skin is due to fertilization of waste in the blood or uremia. Therefore, the use of moisturizers such as moisturizers or lotions is very necessary.

7. Swelling of the hands, feet, and face

Kidney failure makes fluids high in sodium unable to be absorbed properly by these organs. The result is swelling around the hands, feet, and face accompanied by patches and itching.

Edwin Simaptupang, Sp.PD-KGH, an internal medicine specialist at Mitra Keluarga Depok, provides a more in-depth review of the symptoms of kidney failure that appear on the face.

8. High blood pressure

When blood pressure rises, blood vessels constrict, so that it is not optimal to flow blood to the kidneys to remove waste and toxins. If the poison is blocked in the blood vessels, the kidneys will be damaged.

9. High blood sugar

Quoted by the American Diabetes Association, the kidneys filter too much blood sugar and protein for diabetics that should be excreted in the urine. As a result, these substances remain in the blood. The protein content in the urine becomes low, which is also known as microalbuminuria.

According to the National Kidney Foundation in the Best Life article, diabetes is the main cause of kidney failure, which of course causes kidney function to be damaged and not optimal.

10. Food tastes like metal

This is caused by toxins that build up in the blood (Uremia), then these deposits can settle on the back of the neck adjacent to the sense of taste.

11. Frequent nausea and vomiting

The buildup of toxins in the blood or uremia, in addition to making the food consumed taste like metal, also makes people with kidney failure often feel nauseous.

According to urologists in America, nausea and vomiting are triggered by kidney stones that settle in the ureters, then block the flow of urine. Then, there is swelling and abdominal pain that encourages vomiting and no appetite.

12. Bad breath due to bad breath

Still related to uremia, this situation also makes bad breath like urine. Not infrequently sufferers often brush their teeth. However, this requires a recommendation from a dentist.

13. Frequently waking up at night to urinate

Symptoms of kidney failure that are easily felt are frequent urination, usually at night. Or, even difficulty urinating. The color of the urine also looks paler than usual.

14. Foamy urine

If Friends of MIKA find foamy traces like scrambled eggs in the toilet at home, it is possible that your relatives have kidney failure due to the excessive amount of protein in the urine.

Why is the texture of the bubbles almost the same as beaten eggs? The trigger is contaminated albumin protein in the urine. This protein is also owned by eggs.

15. Dark urine color

Another symptom of kidney failure that is easily visible is the color of the urine that turns dark, such as reddish brown. It is possible that the urine contains blood. If a situation like this is found, immediately consult a Mitra Keluarga doctor for further treatment.

Friends of MIKA need to know that kidney failure can occur in children. Symptoms are similar but not the same as adults, but children will experience difficulty in growth and development (stunting) and a visible lump in the abdomen.

If you find signs of kidney failure like this, don’t forget to consult a urologist. If it occurs in children, Mitra Keluarga recommends a direct examination to a pediatrician.